Dental erosion & oral health

Dental erosion is a loss of tooth structure due to corrosion of acids. Erosion can dissolve the enamel, which is the hardest material in your body. Thus, dentine will be exposed, which is highly sensitive to pressure and temperature. Therefore, dental erosion has always been a difficult oral condition to manage.

One of the major causes of dental erosion is acidic beverages including fruit juices, alcohol, sports and soft drinks. Apart from dissolving the enamel layer, the significant amount of sugar also contributes to a further progression of dental decay.

Another cause of dental erosion is medications. Some medications can cause gastro reflux. Besides, medications can cause dry mouth. Without sufficient saliva to neutralize the acids from your diet, erosion can damage your teeth more quickly and cause unbearable symptoms.

There are a few ways to prevent and control the development of dental erosion:

  1. Limit the consumption of acidic drinks; drink anything acidic when you are eating or chewing something 
  2. Avoid swishing acidic drinks around your mouth; use a straw to minimize direct contact between teeth and acid
  3. Do not brush immediately after consuming acidic drinks; wait for at least an hour before brushing your teeth 
  4. Drink fluoridated tap water as much as possible 
  5. Attend regular check-ups to review your oral health habits

Treatment to repair the damage caused by dental erosion varies clinically and financially. Different restorative treatments can be utilized, ranging from simple fillings to placement of crowns. However, preventive treatment remains the most effective way. The amount of money for regular dental check-ups is minimal compared to the cost to treat dental erosion, no matter how severe it is.